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雅思书面语常见题型:城市及城市生涯话题解析

时间:2016-03-31 23:00来源:未知 作者:资讯部 点击:

  之一,而目前在生活类话题中呈现频率最高的一个方面就是关于城市和城市生涯的问题。通过对近期常考话题的亲密关注我们发现,无论是第一、第二还是第三局部,都涵盖着关于城市的话题,尤其是第二、三两部门。

  今天,朗阁海外测验研讨核心的专家就为大家详细地补充一些必备又不乏新意的专业表达,使考生们对于“城市”的话题更有话说,更有“新”话说。

  关于城市,雅思白话常考核的内容有介绍一个城市(去过或没去过),大城市和小城市的差别,城市和乡村的区别,城市生活的优缺陷等等。通过察看我们发现,考生们对于这类话题的表示差能人意,起因在于不知如何表达,甚至不晓得说什么。接下来朗阁专家就具体的来补充一下关于城市的常识。就城市分类而言,标题中常用的词就是big city 和small city,而除了这些,metropolis大都市是最常用的表达,也可以用发达 (developed)或不发达 (less developed)来划分城市。

  在中国,我们还分一线 (first-tier)、二线 (second-tier) 和三线 (third-tier) 城市。除此之外,我们还给城市冠了好听的名字,好比City of Perpetual spring(春城)等。当然,我们也会对城市进行排名,比方Liveable City(宜居城市), Garden City(花园城市)等。

  除了城市的名称,关于城市的一些基本构成也是众多烤鸭发愁的一个区块。常用的表达有:

  city hall(市政府),city(城市),

  municipal(市政的),

  municipality(市政当局),

  suburb(郊区),countryside(城市),

  administrative district(行政区),

  residential area(住宅区),

  commercial district(贸易区),slums(贫民区);

  关于城市中的一些根本设施和服务,包含:

  post office(邮局),

  public lavatory(公共厕所),

  public telephone(公用电话),

  shopping centre(商场),

  snack bar(小吃店),

  stock exchange(股票交易所),

  traffic light(红绿灯),art gallery(美术馆),

  botanical garden(动物园),

  employment agency(职业先容),

  bank(银行),bookstore(书店),

  court(法院),highway(公路),

  motorway(高速公路),hospital(病院),

  junk shop(旧货店),library(藏书楼),

  museum(博物馆),newsstand(报摊),

  port(港口),restaurant(餐馆),

  skyscraper(摩天大楼),stadium(运动场),

  station(车站),theatre(片子院剧场)。

  除了基础的形成之外,雅思书面语最常考的内容还有对大小城市的优毛病做出比拟,这里给大家列出多少条供参考,大家应依据本人的本身阅历做出取舍,自在搭配。一些详细的抒发方法如形容词或词组考生也应牢记。

  Pros of big cities:

  ?Big money at work, first-class education, a large transport network, fancy restaurants and luxurious townhouses are definitely the charms(魅力)of big cities.

  ?Life in big cities is endlessly colourful(无尽精彩)as you have a wide range of entertainment.

  ?This cityis steeped in(沉迷在)time-honored(历史长久的)traditions.

  ?It’s prosperous(繁华的).

  ?This city is well-known for its architectural heritage(建造遗产).

  ?Thecityscape(城市景致)is gorgeous(富丽的,美丽极了的)and there are tons oftowering skyscrapers(巍峨的摩天大楼).

  ?High-rise buildings(高城修建)are sprouting up(出现)all over the city.

  ?This city is like a magnet(磁铁)for tourists.

  Cons of big cities:

  ?The air is so smoggy(烟雾重的).

  ?Lots of people there suffer from respiratory diseases(呼吸体系疾病).

  ?The traffic is alwaysbumper-to-bumper(保险杠对保险杠,指十分拥挤)during rush hours.

  ?The cost of living is sky-high(极高的).

  ?The economy is in a slump(低沉,指经济不景气).

  ?I can’t stand the hustle and bustle(拥挤沉静)there.

  ?Some areas are prettyrun-down(破旧的).

  ?It’s densely-populated(人口密集的).

  Pros of small cities:

  ?Live a quiet and peaceful life.

  ?Get away from the hustles and bustles(拥挤嘈杂).

  ?Small cities are of sufficient natural resources.

  Cons of small cities:

  ?Tons of small cities in China are confronted with serious brain drain(人才散失).

  ?A rising number of chemical factories built in small countries and countryside arousegrievous(重大的)water degradation(水质降落).

  ?Average income(收入水平)in small cities falls far behind that in big cities.

  ?Thegeneral public service(整体社会服务水平)in small cities is lower than that in most big cities.

  除此之外,关于大城市,确定有良多同学对其昂扬的房价有话要说。实在不光如斯,之前在Part 3中就已经有同窗遇到过对于中国城市房价的问题了。对许多年青人而言,无论是收入程度、城市范围仍是社会服务等,first-tier city(一线城市)都有着宏大吸引力。然而,housing price(房产价钱)的疯长,许多本来冀望在first-tier city发展的年轻人不得不转战second-tier city跟third-tier city。许多不甘分开幻想之地的人或成为mortgage slave(房奴),或成为ant tribe(蚁族)。另外,一线城市的高花费水平也迫使很多人成为moonlight clan(月光族)。想结婚而又无力买房的人只能抉择naked wedding(裸婚)。

  最后,朗阁专家将联合上述素材,针对Part 3的一个高频问题作出示范:

  Q: Do you prefer to live in a big city or small city?

  A: Personally, small city seems more preferable. I like living in small cities for its slow life pace and quietness. I mean I don't have to suffer the hustle and bustle.So I’m able to enjoy cosiness. According to my experience living in a big city for three years, living in big cities is just stressful. You know, the sky-high housing priceand fierce competitionpropel many youngsters like me to move out of big cities though there are completed public services; otherwise we’ll end up with being a mortgage slaveand having a naked wedding.

  以上谜底就套用了前面讲过的表达方式,然而必定要改编,才干使学来的东西变成自己的。

  通过以上的弥补素材咱们发明,关于城市有很多货色能够说,而不是停留在名义的剖析和简略的表白上。盼望考生们从当初开端,把上述资料都牢记,再碰到雷同问题的时候活用所学,定能使考官印象深入。

  ===【朗阁(长春)培训中央】===

  【培训名目】:托福、雅思、SAT等各项英语培训

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